Cheat Summit Fort
US 250, Huttonsville, WV 26273
General George B. McClellan ordered this fort to be built in 1861 to secure the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike and protect the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The Confederacy’s inability to take the fort in September 1861, was central in the failure of Robert E. Lee’s western Virginia Campaign.
In the October battle of Greenbrier River, troops from Cheat Summit Fort, under General R. H. Milroy, attacked Camp Bartow. Neither side could claim victory and the Union troops returned to Cheat Summit Fort while the Confederates withdrew to Camp Allegheny. In December of the same year, soldiers from Cheat Summit Fort attacked Camp Allegheny but were driven back.
The site is also significant for the earliest use of telegraph technology in the Civil War. The unique earthworks of this encampment remain. Cheat Summit Fort is designated as National Historic Landmark.